François Hollande was the President of the French Republic from May 2012 to May 2017. During his mandate, he carried out important reforms which restored the competitiveness and the growth of the French economy. He authoritatively faced the terrorist attacks that afflicted the country in 2015 and 2016.
President Hollande took important decisions on behalf of France, in particular the engagement of the army in Mali in order to fight against terrorist groups located in the Sahel. It is under his presidency that a global climate agreement was adopted in Paris in December 2015.
Today, President Hollande chairs the Foundation “France is committed” whose mission is to support all initiatives that contribute to reinforcing solidarity and creating bonds between citizens.
Rt. Hon. Douglas Alexander is a Senior Fellow at the Future of Diplomacy Project, Harvard Kennedy School, a Visiting Professor at Kings College, London, Trustee of the Royal United Services Institute, and a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations. He currently serves as Chair of Unicef UK and as Senior Advisor to the Rise Fund; a new $2bn global impact fund aligned with delivering the Sustainable Development Goals, and to U2 Frontman Bono; advising on investment and development in Africa.
Mr. Alexander previously served in the U.K. Government for nine years, and as a Member of the UK Parliament for eighteen years. As the UK's Governor to the World Bank, and the UK’s International Development Secretary, Alexander was tasked with developing innovative approaches to resolve and preempt some of the most complex challenges to the wellbeing of the global economy.
Alexander also served as Minister of State for E-Commerce & Competitiveness, Minister of State for the Cabinet Office, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and Minister of State for Trade, Investment and Foreign Affairs, attending the Cabinet of Tony Blair as Minister for Europe, before becoming Secretary of State for Scotland and Secretary of State for Transport.
As Secretary of State for Transport, jointly with the Home Secretary, Mr Alexander led the UK’s response to the 2006 Transatlantic Aircraft Terror Plot, working with Police, Intelligence Agencies, the Airlines and the US Department of Homeland Security.
General Claudio Graziano assumed his duties as Chairman of the European Union Military Committee on 6 November 2018.
In 1974, upon the completion of his military and academic education, he was commissioned as an “Alpini” (Mountain Troops) Infantry Officer and spent the first part of his career serving units in Tridentina and in the Taurinese Brigade, the latter permanently earmarked as a national contribution to NATO AMF(L).
In 1990, after being promoted Lieutenant Colonel, he served for two years as Military Assistant to the Army Chief of General Staff. In 1992, he took command of SUSA Alpini Battalion and soon after was deployed to Mozambique - Operation UNOMOZ, leading the United Nations Battalion in charge of the control of Beira Corridor.
As Colonel, after serving two years as 2nd Alpini Regiment Commanding Officer, he was reassigned to Army General Staff as Chief Plans and Policy Office; in this role, he followed the modernization of the Army and its transition from a conscript to a fully professional model.
In 2001 he was posted to Washington D.C as Military Attaché. In August 2004, he became Commanding General of the Taurinese Alpini Brigade in Turin, a position he held until February 2006. During this period, he was deployed to Afghanistan as Commander of the Kabul Multinational Brigade (KMNB) within NATO ISAF VIII from July 2005 to February 2006.
In March 2006 he was assigned to the Italian Joint Operations Headquarters (JOHQ), as Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. In January 2007 the Secretary General of the United Nations appointed Major General Graziano as Head of Mission and Force Commander of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). He led the UN mission for three years, from February 2007 to January 2010. Following his promotion to Lieutenant General, he was appointed Chief of Cabinet of the Minister of Defence on February 2010.
On December 2011 he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Italian Army. On 28th of February 2015, he was promoted to General and assumed the role of Chief of the Italian Defence General Staff.
A graduate of Italian Army Staff College and United States Army War College in Carlisle, General Graziano holds two BAs - one in Strategic Military Studies from the University of Turin and one in Diplomatic Sciences from the University of Trieste -, and two Master’s degrees, one in Human Sciences from the Catholic University in Rome and one in Strategic Military Sciences.